FDM Technology

3D Print Durable Parts with Real Thermoplastic

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) Technology is a powerful Stratasys-patented additive manufacturing method. FDM builds concept models, functional prototypes and end-use parts in standard, engineering-grade and high-performance thermoplastics. It's the only professional 3D printing technology that uses production-grade thermoplastics, so parts are unrivaled in mechanical, thermal and chemical strength.

History

Stratasys founder Scott Crump invented FDM Technology more than 20 years ago, and Stratasys has continued to lead the 3D printing revolution ever since, developing a range of systems that appeal to large manufacturers, designers, engineers, educators and other professionals.

How it Works

3D printers that run on FDM Technology build parts layer-by-layer by heating thermoplastic material to a semi-liquid state and extruding it according to computer-controlled paths. FDM uses two materials to execute a print job: modeling material, which constitutes the finished piece, and support material, which acts as scaffolding. Material filaments are fed from the 3D printer's material bays to the print head, which moves in X and Y coordinates, depositing material to complete each layer before the base moves down the Z axis and the next layer begins.

Once the 3D printer is done building, the user breaks the support material away or dissolves it in detergent and water, and the part is ready to use.

Benefits

FDM is a clean, simple-to-use, office-friendly 3D printing process. Thermoplastic parts can endure exposure to heat, chemicals, humid or dry environments, and mechanical stress. Soluble support materials make it possible to produce complex geometries and cavities that would be difficult to build with traditional manufacturing methods.

Find your FDM Materials:

FDM Technology builds parts in the same strong, stable plastics used in injection molding, CNC machining and other traditional manufacturing processes.

ABS-ESD7

ABS-ESD7 is a durable and electrostatic dissipative material suited for end-use components, electronic products, Industrial equipment and jigs and fixtures for assembly of electronic components.

Printers Supporting This Material

Top User Applications

  • Electronic products with circuit boards
  • Transportation and industrial equipment industries
  • Jigs and fixtures for assembly of electronic components
  • Building functional prototypes for fuel storage and delivery products
  • Building functional prototypes for cases, enclosures and packaging

ABS-ESD7 Spec Sheet

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ABS-M30

ABS-M30 is 25-75% stronger than the standard ABS material and provides realistic functional test results along with smoother parts with finer feature details.

Printers Supporting This Material

Top User Applications

  • Concept modeling
  • Functional Prototyping
  • Jigs and Fixtures
  • Manufacturing Tooling
  • Production Parts

ABS-M30 Spec Sheet

ABS-M30 Characterization of Material Properties

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ABS-M30i

ABS-M30i is a bio-compatible material that can be gamma or EtO sterilized and complies with ISO 10993 and USP Class VI. This material can be used for products that come in contact with skin, food and medications.

Printers Supporting This Material


Top User Applications

  • Medical uses
  • Food handling
  • Pharmaceutical handling
  • Surgical planning models and tools

ABS-M30 Spec Sheet

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ABSi-P500

ABSi-P500 is an ABS type with high impact strength. The semi-translucent material used to build the FDM parts is USP Class VI approved. Most commonly used for automotive and medical applications. Available in three colors.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 400mc

Top User Applications

  • Concept modeling
  • Functional prototyping
  • Direct digital manufacturing
  • Monitoring material flow
  • Light transmission

ABSi-P500 Spec Sheet

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ABSplus P430

An ABS prototype has up to 80% of the strength of injection molded ABS meaning that it is extremely suitable for functional applications.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • uPrint SE & SE Plus
  • Dimension 1200es & Elite
  • Fortus 250mc

Top User Applications

  • Concept Modeling
  • Functional Prototyping
  • Manufacturing Tooling
  • Marketing Models
  • Injection Molding

Spec Sheet - ABSPlus P430

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ASA

ASA is an all-purpose prototyping material with exceptional UV stability, especially suited in production parts for outdoor commerical and infrastructure use. ASA won’t degrade with prolonged outdoor use and is accurate, stable and very durable.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 360-400mc
  • Fortus 380-450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Outdoor Commercial End-Use Parts
  • Outdoor Infrastructure End-Use Parts
  • Consumer Goods Prototyping
  • Manufacturing Tooling
  • Production Parts

Spec Sheet - ASA

Spec Sheet - ASA vs. ABS

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ESD PEKK

Custom Materials Development Enables Printed Parts for Aerospace that are Electrostatic Discharge Safe. ESD PEKK thermoplastic combines static dissipative properties in combination with excellent chemical resistance and favorable thermal properties, appropriate for demanding applications that require resistance to electrostatic discharge.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 360-400mc
  • Fortus 380-450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Production Parts
  • High Temperature
  • Electrostatically-Sensitive
  • Aerospace Industry
  • Electronics Industry

Spec Sheet - ESD PEKK

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

FDM Nylon 12

Nylon 12 is the first material in Stratasys’ new family of nylon offerings. Popular in traditional manufacturing for its superb price-performance ratio. Exhibiting 100 to 300 percent better elongation at break and superior fatigue resistance over any other additive manufacturing technology. Nylon 12 is primarily used in aerospace, automotive and consumer goods industries. Best Z-axis lamination.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 360-400mc
  • Fortus 380-450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Tooling
  • Jigs and Fixtures
  • Production Parts
  • Snap-fits and Friction-Fit Inserts

Spec Sheet - Nylon 12

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

FDM Nylon 12CF

Nylon 12CF delivers the highest strength and stiffness-to-weight ratio of any Stratasys FDM material. Its unique stiffness and strength allows it to replace metal components in: fixturing applications, jigs, and production parts. Nylon 12CF’s top markets include automotive manufacturing, industrial manufacturing,recreational manufacturing, and aerospace manufacturing. Available in one color.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 450mc

Top User Applications

  • Manufacturing aids and tooling
  • Production parts
  • Functional prototypes
  • Lightweight tooling

Material Guide - Nylon 12CF

Spec Sheet - FDM Nylon12CF EN

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

FDM Nylon 6

FDM Nylon 6 combines strength and toughness superior to other FDM Thermoplastics, for applications that require strong, customized parts and tooling that lasts longer and withstands rigorous functional testing.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Manufacturing Aids
  • Testing Functional Performance
  • Tooling

Spec Sheet - FDM Nylon 6

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

PC

Production-grade thermoplastic offering accuracy, durability and stability, creating strong parts that withstand functional testing. Available in one color.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 360-400mc
  • Fortus 380-450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Functional testing
  • Manufacturing tooling
  • Production parts

Spec Sheet - PC

Material Properties Report PC EN

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

PC-ABS

Production-grade thermoplastic offering the most desirable properties of both materials - the superior strength and heat resistance of PC and the flexibility of ABS. Material commonly used in the automotive, electronics and telecommunication industries.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Stratasys F370
  • Fortus 360-400mc
  • Fortus 380-450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Conceptual modeling
  • Functional prototyping
  • Manufacturing aids and tools
  • Production parts

Spec Sheet - PC-ABS

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

PC-ISO

PC-ISO blends are widely used throughout packaging and medical device manufactures. The PC-ISO material used to build the FDM parts is USP Class VI approved and also ISO 10993-1 rated. Available in two colors.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 400mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Food packaging
  • Drug packaging
  • Medical device manufacturing

Spec Sheet - PC-ISO

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

PLA

PLA model material is ideal for quick concept and verification models with good tensile strength. This value-priced material is user-friendly and ideal for classroom environments and made from renewable resources. PLA builds with PLA as its break-away support material. Available in a variety of colors: Natural, Transparent Red, Transparent Yellow, Transparent Green, Transparent Blue, Black, White, Red, Blue, Light Gray, Medium Gray.

Printers Supporting This Material

Top User Applications

  • Rapid Prototyping

Best Practices - PLA Tips and Tricks

Spec Sheet - PLA

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

PPSF PPSU

PPSF/PPSU (polyphenylsulfone) material has the greatest heat and chemical resistance of all FDM materials - ideal for aerospace, automotive and medical applications. Ideal for prototypes exposed to extreme conditions. PPSF/PPSU produced parts not only mechanically superior, but also dimensionally accurate, to better predict end-product performance.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 400mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Concept modeling
  • Functional prototyping
  • Manufacturing tooling aids
  • Production parts

Application Guide - PPSF Finishing Techniques

Spec Sheet - PPSF PPSU

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ST-130

ST-130 (Sacrificial Tooling material) simplifies the production of hollow composite parts. Complex tools can be 3D printed and easily dissolved after curing, eliminating secondary processes like mold making, while accelerating your composite lay-up work.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Sacrificial Tooling

Spec Sheet - ST-130

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ULTEM 1010

ULTEM 1010 resin offers the highest heat resistance, chemical resistance and tensile strength of any FDM thermoplastic. The certified grade of this material is bio-compatible and approved for food contact with NSF 51 and ISO 10993/USP Class VI certifications. Ideal for automotive, aerospace, medical and food production industries. Available in one color.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 400mc
  • Fortus 450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Custom tools for metal, plastic or composite parts fabrication
  • Medical tools like surgical guides that can withstand steam autoclaving
  • Temperature-resistant dies, patterns and fixtures for food production
  • Out-of-cabin aerospace components and under-the-hood automotive components including housings, ducts and semi-structural components

Spec Sheet - ULTEM 1010

Material Guide - ULTEM 1010

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

ULTEM 9085

ULTEM 9085 is a pioneering thermoplastic that is strong, lightweight and flame retardant (UL 94-V0 rated). The ULTEM 9085 material opens up new opportunities for the direct additive construction of production-grade components. Commonly used in the automotive, aerospace and military industries. Available in two colors.

ULTEM 9085 Aerospace-grade filament is produced in accordance within specifications that meet the requirements of the aerospace industry.

Printers Supporting This Material

  • Fortus 400mc
  • Fortus 380-450mc
  • Fortus 900mc

Top User Applications

  • Concept modeling
  • Functional prototyping
  • Manufacturing tooling aids
  • Production parts

Spec Sheet - ULTEM 9085

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

FDM Support Materials

There are two types of FDM Support materials available:

Water-soluble support for easy, hands-free removal. The dissolvable FDM support material makes it possible to produce intricate and complex prototypes and models without the need for time-consuming manual support removal.

  • SR-30 – used with ABS-ESD7, ASA, ABS-M30, ABSplus, and ABS-M30i
  • SR-35 - used with ABS-ESD7, ASA, ABS-M30, and ABS-M30i on the Fortus 900mc, Fortus 360mc, Fortus 380mc, Fortus 400mc, and Fortus 450mc
  • SR-100 – used with PC (Polycarbonate)
  • SR-110 – used with PC-ABS and Nylon 12 on the Fortus 360mc; PC-ABS, Nylon 12 and Nylon 12CF on the Fortus 450mc; Nylon 6 and Nylon 12 on the Fortus 900mc
  • P400-SR – used with ABS P400 only
  • SR-20 – used with ABSplus, ABSi, ABS-ESD7, ABS-M30, ABS-M30i, ASA and PC-ABS

Break-away support that is easily removed by hand.

  • PC-BASS – used with PC and PC-ISO
  • ULTEM 9085 Support - used with ULTEM 9085 only
  • ULTEM 1010 Suppport - used with ULTEM 1010 only
  • PPSF-BASS - used with PPSF only
  • P400-R - used with ABS P400 only

Spec Sheet - FDM Support Materials

Material Guide - FDM Support Materials

Stratasys Systems and Materials Matrix

 

See also:

PolyJet Technology & Materials

WDM Technology & Materials

Rapid Prototyping